Before 1883, most cities in the United States had their own time. They set their time by the sun. This made many problems for the railroad companies. Their trains went to more than 300 different cities. Every city had a different time. In 1883 Willia Allan made a plan to divide the United States into four different parts called time zones. This made things easier for the railroad companies. Now every city in the same time zone has the same time. The map shows the time zones. They are Pacific (太平洋的) Standard Time (PST), Mountains Standard Time (MST), Central Standard Time (CST) and Eastern Standard Time (EST). The clocks below the map tell the time in each zone. L=Los Angeles N=New York W=Washington
56.Before 1883, Now York and Washington had and now they .
different times... still have different times
different times... have the same times
the same time... still have the same time
the same time... have different times
57.It's now five thirty in New York. What time is it in Los Angeles?
3:30. 8:30. 2:30. 1:30.
58.It's now 2:30 Sept. 1st in Los Angeles. You take a train to New York. In twenty hours you will get there. What's time and date in New York then?
22:30 Sept.1st. 1:30 Sept. 2nd. 19:30 Sept. 1st. 2:30 Sept. 2nd
59.Which of the following shows the correct positions of the four time zones?
PST MST CST EST EST CST MST PST CST EST PST MST PST CSST MST EST
Good sense is the most equitably distributed thing in the world, for each man considers himself so well provided with it that even those who are most difficult to satisfy in everything else, do not usually wish to have more of it than they have already. It is not likely that everyone is mistaken in this; it shows, rather, that the ability to judge rightly and separate the true from the false, which is essentially what is called good sense or reason, is by nature equal in all men, and thus that our opinions differ not because some men are better provided with reason than others, but only because we direct our thoughts along different paths, and do not consider the same things. For it is not enough to have a good mind; what is most important is to apply it rightly. The greatest souls are capable of the greatest evils, and those who walk very slowly can advance much further, if they always keep to the direct road, than those who run and go astray. And I know of no other qualities than these which make for the perfection of the mind; for as to reason, or good sense, because it alone makes us men and distinguishes us from the beasts, I am quite willing to believe that it is whole and entire in each of us.
60.According to the author, the ability to separate the true from the false is .
different from man to man
given by nature to all creatures
more heavily present in some persons than in others
given equally to all persons
61.The author claims that what sets human beings apart from beasts is .
the ability to adapt to the surroundings
the sophisticated human brain
a sense of reason
the ability to create
62.According to the author, a good sense is .
the ability to distribute things equally
the ability to judge correctly and to distinguish the true from the false
the ability to always keep to the right direction
the ability to direct our thoughts along different paths
63.By "Good Sense" the author means .
the power to understand
good hearing, sight and smelling
the power to deduce the power to make a good judgement
The Winter Olympics is also called the White Olympics. At this time many colourful stamps are published to mark the great games. The first stamps marking the opening came out on January 25, 1932 in the United States for the 3rd White Olympics. From then on, publishing stamps during the White Olympics became a rule.
During the 4th Winter Olympic Games a group of stamps were published in Germany in November, 1935. The five rings of Olympics were printed on the front of the sportswear. It was the first time that the symbol (标志) appeared on the stamps of the White Olympics.
In the 1950's, the stamps of this kind became more colourful when the White Olympics came, the host countries (东道国) as well as the non-host countries published stamps to mark those Games.
China also published four stamps in February, 1980, when the Chinese sportsmen began to march into the area of the White Olympics. Japan is the only Asian country that has ever held the White Olympics. Altogether 14,500 million stamps were sold to raise money for this sports meet.
Different kinds of sports were printed on the small stamps. People can enjoy the beauty of the wonderful movements of the athletes.
64.Before the first stamps marking the Winter Olympics,
publishing stamps during the White Olympics became a rule
no one saw a stamp
no country held the Winter Olympics
the Winter Olympics were held twice
65. after the third White Olympics, the fourth Winter Olympics were held.
Less than four years
About two years.
Less than three years
Four years and ten months
66.What's the difference between the stamps marking the 3rd White Olympics and the 4th Winter Olympics?
The stamps marking the 3rd White Olympics were more colourful.
The five rings of Olympics appeared on the stamps marking the 4th Winter Olympics.
The stamps marking the 4th Winter Olympics were more expensive.
There are no differences between them.
67.According to the passage we can infer that .
all the European countries have ever held the Winter Olympics
no stamps were published in Japan when it held the Winter Olympics
in Asia only Japan published the stamps marking the Winter Olympics
China has never held the Winter Olympics
Sometimes, when people first see an automobile factory, they think it has no form. It is so big that it is impossible to see the design of the whole plant. In fact, the factory has been very carefully designed, so that it can be as efficient as possible.
There is not just one assembly line in the factory; there are several. On the main one, the chassis (车架) of the car is put together. The chassis is the frame on which the rest of the car is built. In another part of the factory, the body of the car is stamped out on sheets of steel. The body is painted, and then the two assembly lines come together. The body is lowered onto the chassis and fitted to it.
Meanwhile, in still another part of the factory, the engine is being put together on another assembly line. The central part of the engine is called the block, and the various other parts of the engine are fitted to it by different workers as it passes down the line. An internal combustion engine is a complicated piece of machinery, and this work must be done with great care. A piece which does not fit properly, or which is badly made, may spoil the engine.
When the engine is completed, the assembly line on which it has been put together joins the main one, where the chassis and the body have been fitted together. The engine is then placed in the car. After final adjustments have been made, the car can be rolled off the end of the assembly line to a parking lot, where it awaits shipment to the dealer who will sell it to the customer.
The automobile, a complicated machine with hundreds of different parts, is made quickly and efficiently by using the assembly line technique to its fullest extent.
68.The passage is mainly about .
how a car is designed
how a car is made
the assembly line technique in a car factory
how complicated a car is
69.Which of the following is NOT true?
The body is fixed to the chassis.
There are usually three assembly lines in a car factory.
The car factory is too big to be designed.
The assembly lines enable the workers to make cars quickly.
70.The main assembly line is responsible for
the final adjustments
the central part of the engine
71.After it is made, the car .
will be kept in the parking lot for shipment
will be shipped to the dealer
will be adjusted in the garage
will be sold to the customer
Started in 1636, Harvard University is the oldest of all the colleges and universities in the United States. Yale, Princeton, and Dartrnouth were opened soon after Harvard. They were all started before the American Revolution made the thirteen colonies (殖民地) into states.
In the early years, these schools were much alike (相似的). Only young men attended college. All the students studied the same sujects and everyone learned Latin (拉丁的，拉丁语) and Greek (希腊语). Little was known about science then, and one kind of school could teach everything that was known about the world. When the students graduated, most of them became ministers or teachers.
In 1782, Harvard started a medical school for young men who wanted to become doctors. Later, lawyers could receive their training in Harvard law school. In 1825, Harvard began teaching modern languages, such as French and German, as well as Latin and Greek. Soon it began teaching American history.
As knowledge increased, Harvard and other colleges began to teach many new subjects. Students were allowed to choose the subjects that interested them.
Special colleges for women were started. New state universities began to teach such subjects as farming, engineering and business. Today, there are many different kinds of colleges and universities. Most of them are divided into smaller schools that deal with special fields of learning. There is so much to learn that one kind of school cannot offer it all.
72.On the whole the text is about .
how colleges have changed
how to start a university
the American Revolution
the world-famous colleges in America
73.As knowledge increased, colleges began to teach
Latin and Greek
everything that was known
French and German
many new subjects
74.Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?
There is more to learn today than in 1636.
They began teaching foreign languages in 1825.
Now every student learns Latin and Greek.
The early schools are still much alike.
75.It can be inferred from the text that .
all the colleges and universities are the same
today become teachers or ministers
various kinds of colleges and universities have been set up to meet the need of the students
all the colleges and universities have become smaller than before