首页 报考资讯 考试指导 历年真题 模拟试卷 练习题库 课外英语

2010全国英语PETS三级考前训练01
Read the following text.Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET1

If you are worried about things and are under a lot of stress at work or school,then you are probably not sleeping well.Worry can keep you awake,tossing and 26 in bed until the early hours of the morning when you eventually 27 asleep .When you wake up ,you don’t feel_28_,but tired and Worn out and 29 to face a new day.

Dr Henry winkle ,in a recent newspaper article 30 Stress and Sleep , 31 that stress and lack of sleep are directly 32 .Dr .Winkle says ,“the more we worry ,the 33 we sleep ,the more we are unable to deal with 34 .”“If we can find a way to get a good night ’s sleep ,”he 35 ,“we can often find the 36 to deal with what’s worrying us.”

So ,what is a good night’s sleep ? Research shows that the amount of sleep which people need in order to keep healthy 37 a lot . Seven hours is about the average amount, 38 strangely enough ,sleeping longer often gives you a headache 39
Of making you feel more refreshed

Dr.Winkle believes that preparing for sleeping is important.People who work late should try to give themselves a short _40_ and do something restful before going to bed.This could be watching TV or listening to music.Doing some exercise_41_ in the day should help you to feel physically as well as _42_ tired.A bedtime drink can also help,but coffee or tea should be avoid.

deed as they contain caffeine(咖啡因)and will keep you_43_ .“When you put the light_44_”Dr.Winkle says,“concentrate on relaxing your muscles.Working slowly up from your feet,and you’11 be asleep 45 you know it.”


26.[A]mining [B]rolling [C]twisting [D]rotating
27.[A]find [B]feel [C]drop [D]fall
28.[A]relieved [B]renewed [C]refreshed [D]released
29.[A]impossible [B]unable [C]powerless [D]incapable
30.[A]titled [B]labeled [C]entitled [D]named
31.[A]implies [B]suggests [C]proposes [D]indicates
32.[A]related [B]tied [C]combined [D]put together
33 [A]more [B]less [C]shorter [D]later
34 [A]nervousness [B]anxiety [C]stress [D]tension
35 [A]enhances [B]attaches [C]inserts [D]adds
36.[A]power [B]energy [C]vigor [D]force
37 [A]varies [B]differs [C]alters [D]contrasts
38.[A]nevertheless [B]since [C]though [D] however
39.[A]because [B]spite [C]despite [D]instead
40.[A]pause [B]break [C]vacation [D]interruption
41.[A]earlier [B]early [C]previously [D]sooner
42.[A]spiritually [B]consciously [C]mentally [D]emotionally
43.[A]asleep [B]awake [C]alert [D]active
44.[A]out [B]on [C]away [D]off
45.[A]as soon as [B]when [C]before [D]after

参考译文
如果你正为某些事情担心或是在工作上、学业中承受着很大的压力,你极有可能睡得不好。忧虑使你无法入睡,你在床上辗转反侧,直到清晨时分才能睡得着觉。醒来的时候,你并不觉得精神焕发神清气爽,而是精疲力竭,无法迎接新一天的来临。
近期的报纸上刊登了一篇亨利•温可尔博士的文章,题目是《压力与睡眠》。温可尔博士认为压力和睡眠不足有直接的联系。他说:“我们越是忧心忡忡,睡得就越少,也就越没有办法对抗忧虑。”他还补充说:“如果能找到使自己睡个好觉的方法,我们就能有足够的精力解决我们的问题。”
那么,究竟什么是良好的睡眠呢?研究表明,保持健康需要的睡眠数量是因人而异的。7小时是平均数。然而令人不解的是,延长睡眠时间,非但不能让人精神焕发,反而会引起头痛。
温可尔博士认为睡前的准备工作是很重要的。工作到很晚的人临睡前应该稍稍休息一下,做点有助于放松的事,可以看看电视或听听音乐。早晨做运动也会使人在身体上和精神上有疲劳感。睡前喝点饮料也有助于睡眠,但不要喝茶或咖啡,因为它们含有的咖啡因会使你无法入眠。温可尔博士指出:“关灯之后,你就该集中精神放松你的肌肉。慢慢地从脚开始放松,就会不知不觉地进入梦乡了。”
答案及解析
26.A解析】本题考查词语搭配。toss and rum是固定用法,表示“辗转反侧”。
27.D解析】考查词语搭配。fall asleep意为“入睡”,是固定用法,符合题意。
28.C解析】本题考查词语辨析和对文意的理解。A项relieve意为“减轻,安慰”B项renew意为“恢复,重建”c项refresh意为“恢复精力”D项release意为“释放”。根据题意,人睡觉醒来应该觉得神清气爽,所以选择c。
29.B解析】此题考查词义辨析。B项unable意为‘没有能力的”,常与to搭配,人做主语。
30.C解析】此题考查词义辨析和对文意的理解。表示“文章等的标题是…”,一般用entitle,为固定用法。
31.D解析】此题考查词义辨析。A项imply意为“暗示”;B项sug—gest;C项propose均为“建议”;只有D项indicate意为“表明,明确指出”符合文意。
32.A解析】这里的意思是“压力和缺乏睡眠有关系”。表示关系的选项是A项relate。
33.B解析】第一段已经提到,如果人承受很大的压力就睡不好,“忧虑使你无法入睡”。由此可知,越忧虑,睡的越少,me more/less...,me…是固定搭配,意为“越…,越…”。
34.C解析】此题考查对细节的理解。这一段第一句话已提到亨利博士的文章讲的是压力与睡眠的关系,前文中出现了stress and sleep,根据此细节可推断出此处应选C。
35.D解析】此题考查对文意的理解。文中此处是说“博士又补充了一点”,D项add意为“补充”。
36.B解析】这里的意思是说只有保证好的睡眠,我们才能有精力去解决所忧虑的问题,此处指的是人的体力,只有B项energy有此意。
37.A解析】此题考查词义辨析。这里指的是人们睡眠的数量各不相同,vary和differ都有“不同”的意思。但前者强调各式各样的,种类的多样性而后者强调事物本质上根本的不同。
38.C解析】此题考查关联词的用法。此处意思是说,一般人们会认为睡得越多人越精神,但恰恰相反,睡多了会使人头疼,这里是转折的意思,所以选择C。
39.D解析】此题考查对上下文的理解。此句的意思是“睡多了会使人头疼而不是更加体力充沛”,要选择表转折的选项。
40.B解析】此题考查词义辨析。B项break是此意,意为“短暂休息”;A项pause意为“中止”;C项vacation意为“假期”;D项interruption意为“打扰”。
41.B解析】此题考查对文意的理解。early意为“早早地”。
42.C解析】此题考查词语搭配。physically and mentally是副词短语的固定搭配,表示“身心地”。
43.B解析】茶和咖啡www.pets12345.com使人清醒,B项awake意为“清醒的”。
44.A解析】此题考查动词词组搭配。put out意为“熄灭”;put on意I为“穿上”;put away意为“把…收起来”;put off意为“推迟”。
45.C解析】这句话的意思是“在不知不觉中你就睡着了”,即在你知I晓之前就已入睡了。