1. abuse n. v. 滥用;妄用 e.g.He was charged with the abuse of privilege. 他被指控滥用特权。 We should feel shamed of abuse of natural resources. 对于滥用自然资源，我们应该感到羞耻。 Keep children free from drug abuse.别让孩子误用药品 ab 前缀表示“不正确的，脱离正轨的”： abnormal adj.反常的, 变态的 absonant adj.不协调的, 不和谐的
2.inherit vt.继承, 遗传而得 heir n.继承人, 后嗣 e.g.inherit the tradition继承传统 The eldest son will inherit the title. 长子将继承爵位。 A son inherits from his father.儿子继承父亲的遗产。 She inherited all her mothers beauty. (喻) 她继承了她母亲的全部美貌。
3.consequence n.结果, [逻]推理, 推论, 因果关系 e.g.As a consequence of being in hospital, Shelly decided that she wanted to become a nurse. 由于在医院的缘故，谢士。 You should consider the consequences before doing something. 考虑后果
4.use up v.用完, 耗尽 e.g.What if the water on earth is used up? We have to find the way out of the forest before our food is used up. Can you lend me some ink, for mine has been used up?
5.run out用完, 耗尽 e.g.our food is running out;where can we turn for help? What will recourses on earth run out?
6.look ahead v.计划未来, 预测未来
7.global warming 全球变暖
8.ozone layer臭氧层(距地球表面20-40英里, 为同温层的外缘)
9.awareness n. 意识, 注意 global awareness 全球意识 political awareness政治常识 tactical awareness战术意识
10.at least 至少 at most
11.enable…to do sth e.g. His ability in management enables him perform well in the joint venture.
His fluent English enables him to conduct negotiations with his foreign partner. Dog’s sharp sense of smell enables it to find clues of cases.
12.recycle v.使再循环, 反复应用 n.再循环, 再生, 重复利用 e.g.Many factories recycle aluminum cans. 很多工厂把铝盒再加工后重新使用。 He is there recycling the old jokes. 他又在讲那个老笑话了。 The government encourages us to recycle waste paper. 政府提纸。 Water recycle is a good way to save our resources. 水循环利用是一种很好的节约资源的方法。
13.astounding adj.令人惊骇的 e.g.Have you ever heard the astounding story? He felt astounded at the astounding story.
14.average n.平均, 平均数; 平均标准, 一般水平 e.g.What is the average rainfall for August in your country? 你们国家八月份的平均降雨量是多少? Although the wines vary, the average is quite good. 尽管每种酒各不相同，平均水准很不错 adj. 平均的; 普通的, 平常的, 一般水平的 e.g.men of average ability 能力一般的人 students of average intelligence 普通智力的学生
15.discard vt.丢弃, 抛弃v.放弃 e.g.He was condemned for discarding his wife. 他因为遗弃妻子而遭到谴责。 Both of you have to discard prejudices before reaching agreement. 你们双方只有放弃偏见才能达成一致。 discard the dross and select the essential去粗取精
16.majority n.(常与of连用)多数;半数以上minority 少数 e.g.The minority is subordinate to the majority. 少数服从多数。 He was elected by a overwhelming majority 他以压倒大多数票当选。 He will reach his majority next year. 明年他将到成年年龄。
17.couple一对;一双;几个;三两个 e.g.a couple of socks 一双袜子 My brother and his wife are a happy couple. 我弟弟和他的妻子是一对幸福的夫妻。 I to do. 我有几件事情要办。
18.on the wrong track 想得不对;做错 on the right track 想得对;做得对 on the right track for solving the puzzle. 循着正确的路线解决这一难题
19.put energy into e.g.He puts his energy into scientific research. energy n. 活力;精力 e.g.to devote all ones energies to a job 全身心投入工作 Young people usually have more energy than the old. 年轻人通常比老年人有活力。 To everyone's surprise, the old painter seemed to have more energy after his recovery from his serious illness than even the young. 使大家感到惊病复原后似乎比青年人精力还要充沛些。
20.realistic adj.现实(主义)的 e.g.This is a realistic novel about the reform. 这是一部关于改革的现实小说。 He holds a realistic view towards life instead of a ideal one. 对于生活，他很现实而不是理想化的。
21.biodegrade vt. 生物递降分解 biodynamic adj.生物动力(学)的
22.pick up v. 捡起, 获得, 使恢复精神,随便地认识学会。 e.g.Did you pick up a wallet on the ground just now? 你刚才在地上捡到一个钱包吗? My radio can pick up France. 我的收音机可收听法国广播。 He after his failure in business. 经商失败以后，他很快就重新振作了起来。 He picked up a few French words on his trip to paris. 他在去巴黎的旅途中学会了几个法语的词。