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全国英语四级PETS4阅读精讲35
Dialogue:
1.
abuse n. v. 滥用;妄用
e.g.He was charged with the abuse of privilege. 他被指控滥用特权。
We should feel shamed of abuse of natural resources.
对于滥用自然资源,我们应该感到羞耻。
Keep children free from drug abuse.别让孩子误用药品
ab 前缀表示“不正确的,脱离正轨的”:
abnormal adj.反常的, 变态的
absonant adj.不协调的, 不和谐的
2.
inherit vt.继承, 遗传而得
heir n.继承人, 后嗣
e.g.inherit the tradition继承传统
The eldest son will inherit the title. 长子将继承爵位。
A son inherits from his father.儿子继承父亲的遗产。
She inherited all her mothers beauty.
(喻) 她继承了她母亲的全部美貌。
3.
consequence n.结果, [逻]推理, 推论, 因果关系
e.g.As a consequence of being in hospital, Shelly decided that she wanted to become a nurse.
由于在医院的缘故,谢莉决定当一名护士。
You should consider the consequences before doing something. 考虑后果
4.
use up v.用完, 耗尽
e.g.What if the water on earth is used up?
We have to find the way out of the forest before our food is used up.
Can you lend me some ink, for mine has been used up?
5.
run out用完, 耗尽
e.g.our food is running out;where can we turn for help?
What will happen if the natural recourses on earth run out?
6.look ahead v.计划未来, 预测未来
7.global warming 全球变暖
8.ozone layer臭氧层(距地球表面20-40英里, 为同温层的外缘)
9.
awareness n. 意识, 注意
global awareness 全球意识
political awareness政治常识
tactical awareness战术意识
10.at least 至少 at most
11.
enable…to do sth
e.g. His ability in management enables him perform well in the joint venture.
His fluent English enables him to conduct negotiations with his foreign partner.
Dog’s sharp sense of smell enables it to find clues of cases.