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全国英语四级PETS4阅读精讲41
Use of English:
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Teachers need to be aware of the emotional, intellectual, and physical changes that young adults experience. And they also need to give serious 21 to how they can best 22 such changes. Growing bodies need movement and 23, but not just in ways that emphasize competition. 24 they are adjusting to their new bodies and a whole host of new intellectual and emotional challenges; teenagers are especially self-conscious and need the 25 that come from achieving success and knowing that their accomplishments are 26 by others. However, the typical teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition that it would be 27 to plan activities in which there are more winners than losers, 28 , publishing newsletters with many student-written book reviews, 29 student artwork, and sponsoring book discussion clubs. A variety of small clubs can provide 30 opportunities for leadership, as well as for practice in successful 31 dynamics. Making friends is extremely important to teenagers, and many shy students need the 32 of some kind of organization with a supportive adult 33 visible in the background.
In these activities, it is important to remember that the young teens have 34 attention spans. A variety of activities should be organized 35 participants can remain active as long as they want and then go on to 36 else without feeling guilty and without letting the other participants 37. This does not mean that adults must accept irresponsibility.38 they can help students acquire a sense of commitment by 39 for roles that are within their 40 and their attention spans and by having clearly stated rules.


21.[A]thought[B]idea[C]opinion[D]advice
22.[A]strengthen[B]accommodate[C]stimulate[D]enhance
23.[A]care[B]nutrition[C]exercise[D]leisure
24.[A]If[B]Although[C]Whereas[D]Because
25.[A]assistance[B]guidance[C]confidence[D]tolerance
26.[A]claimed[B]admired[C]ignored[D]surpassed
27.[A]improper[B]risky[C]fair[D]wise
28.[A]in effect[B]as a result[C]for example[D]in a sense
29.[A]displaying[B]describing[C]creating[D]exchanging
30.[A]durable[B]excessive[C]surplus[D]multiple
31.[A]group[B]individual[C]personnel[D]corporation
32.[A]consent[B]insurance[C]admission[D]security
33.[A]particularly[B]barely[C]definitely[D]rarely
34.[A]similar[B]long[C]different[D]short
35.[A]if only[B]now that[C]so that[D]even if
36.[A]everything[B]anything[C]nothing[D]something
37.[A]off[B]down[C]out[D]alone
38.[A]on the contrary[B]on the average [C]on the whole[D]on the other hand
39.[A]making[B]standing[C]planning[D]taking
40.[A]capabilities[B]responsibilities[C]proficiency [D]efficiency

文章前几句的大概内容是说,老师需要了解青少年经历的情感、智力和身体上的变化。他们还需要认真思考他们如何才能够最好地适应这些变化。成长中的身体需要运动和锻炼,但并不只是通过强调竞争的方法来锻炼。因为他们正在适应他们身体的新变化和许多新的智力和情感挑战,青少年特别敏感,他们需要信心,这种信心来自于取得成功并知道别人羡慕他们的成就。
21.答案是[A]
固定搭配。give serious thought to“认真考虑”。根据句子前后意思和动宾搭配。[B]idea“想法,主意”、[C]opinion“观点,看法”、[D]advice“劝告,意见”都不能和give serious很好地搭配。
22.答案是[B]
根据多义词词义和上下文内容对应的线索。accommodate“调节,使适应”线索一是和宾语such changes搭配;线索二是选项必须与下文are adjusting to“调节,使适应”意思相同。[A]strengthen加强,巩固、[C]stimulate“刺激,激励”、[D]enhance“提高,增强”都不能符合以上两个条件。
23.答案是[C]
根据并列句子成分的线索填同义词。选项应该和同一句子前面的movement意思相当。exercise“活动,锻炼”是最佳选择。[A]care、[B]nutrition、[D]leisure显然都不妥当。
24.答案是[D]
根据上下文句子意思和语法,这是个表示因果关系的主从复合句。Because表示原因,引导原因状语从句。[A]If引导条件句,[B]Although引导让步状语从句,[C]Whereas引导转折句。
25.答案是[C]
根据句子意思。confidence“信心”,后边同一句子中success和accomplishments可以提示选项。[A]assistance“帮助,协助”、[B]guidance“指导,领导”、[D]tolerance“容忍,宽容”和句子意思及提到的两个词不搭配。
26.答案是[B]
根据句子意思和词义搭配。admired“赞美,羡慕,夸奖”。[A]claimed“要求,声明”。[C]ignored“忽略,忽视”。[D]surpassed“超越,胜过”。
27.答案是[D]
根据上下文句子意思和词语用法。wise“明智的,合乎道理的”。这句话大致意思是:然而,青少年的生活本身就已经充满了这么多的竞争,那么,安排的活动如果有更多获胜者该是明智的。其它三个词意思是不当的。
28.答案是[C]
根据句子逻辑关系和短语用法。for example“例如”,表示例子的列举。[A]in effect“正在实行;实际上”。[B]as a result“结果”。[D]in a sense“在某一方面,就某种意义上来说”。
29.答案是[A]
根据词语动宾搭配。displaying“展示,展出”,和后面的宾语student artwork相搭配,“展出学生自己动手做的工艺品”。[B]describing“描述,描写”。[C]creating“创造,创作”。[D]exchanging“交流,交换”。
30.答案是[D]
根据词语意思和搭配。multiple“多种多样的”provide multiple opportunities for leadership,“为锻炼领导才能提供很多机会”。[A]durable“持久的,耐久的”。[B]excessive“过多的,额外的”。[C]surplus“过剩的,剩余的”。
31.答案是[A]
根据词语意思和搭配。group这里表示“团队,小组”活动。与上题思路相同。[B]individual“个人的,单独的”。[C]personnel“人员,职员”。[D]corporation“合作,公司”。
32.答案是[D]
根据句子的完整意思和词语用法。security“安全感,保护”,句子主语中的shy students可以提示答案选项。[A]consent“赞同,同意”。[B]insurance“保险,保证”。[C]admission“准许,许可”。
33.答案是[B]
根据句子意思和词语用法。barely“仅仅,只是”和后面的形容词短语搭配。barely visible“只是露露面”。[A]particularly“独特地,显著地”、[C]definitely“肯定地,确定地”、[D]rarely“很少地,罕见地”,三个选项或者和后面的短语都不能搭配,或者不符合整个句子的意思。
34.答案是[D]
根据句子意思和词语搭配。the young teens have short attention spans“孩子们的注意力集中的时间很短”。attention spans“注意力集中的时间”。[A]similar“相似的,类似的”、[B]long、[C]different这三项和句子意思是不合适的。
35.答案是[C]
根据语法和词义。so that“目的,为的是”。这句话意思是:应该组织各种各样的活动,好让参加者能尽可能长时间地保持活跃。[A]if only表示条件和假设。[B]now that“既然”。[D]even if“即使”。