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攻克2011全国英语三级听力04
转折题型
这种题型出现的频率很高,其特征是:第一个说话人所说的不是十分重要;第二个说话人的答话由两部分组成:先是一个简单的短句,紧接着是一个较长的句子,短句与长句之间常用but, though, however等转折意思的词语连接,从而引起的作者态度及谈论重点的变化。

人物身份题型
在这类对话中,由于说话人之间的关系不同,其用词、造句、语气都有区别。这是听录音时要抓的关键之一,在此基础上再捕捉有关信息,然后判断、推测人物之间的关系及其身份。这类题比较简单,考生只要抓住那些与职业和身份有关的关键词即可回答。这类题目与询问地点的考题有类似之处。

常见的提问形式有:
Who is the man/woman?
What is the man’s/woman’s job/profession/occupation?
What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
Who is the man/woman most probably speaking to?

考题中常涉及的职业或人物身份关系及相关信息词有:
老师和学生(teacher and student):grade, mark, score, term, course, assignment, pass, fail, scholarship, tuition, campus, dormitory, lab, experiment...
医生和病人(doctor and patient):fever, cough, cold, headache,injection, prescription, diagnose, temperature, medicine, blood pressure, heart disease, flu, surgery...
侍者和顾客(waiter/waitress and customer):menu, order, reserve, steak, ham, salad, soup, coffee, juice, hamburger, sandwiches, buffet, bar, brandy, whisky, dessert, tip...
司机和乘客(driver and passenger):taxi, fare, get off, change, tip, destination...
老板和秘书(boss and secretary):typing, operating, copy, files, document, report, telephone, appointment, timetable, arrangement...

理解归纳题型
这类对话题出现的频率很高,问题的答案在对话中没有直接提供。要求考生把谈话中提供的细节作为前提,进行一定的逻辑推理才能找到答案,或根据提供的细节进行归纳得出结论。
常见的提问方式有:
What does the man/woman imply?
What can be inferred from the conversation?
What do we learn about the man/woman/conversation?

以上的四期节目我们归纳了短对话部分试题所涉及的类型,也许目前你还是有听不懂的地方,it’s not a big deal, 正因如此,我们才需要不断学习。重要的是你要养成一种灵活运用自己听到的信息并大胆进行推测的习惯。请参考录音原文再听一遍对话,确信自己对于细节部分都可以听出来了,然后自己随着录音跟读一次。

短对话部分的复习到此就结束了,下星期我们将进入长对话和短文的复习,希望大家可以继续众众的节目,让我们一起攻克PETS-3。

练习:
6.What does the man imply about Mary?
[A] She won’t be able to come. [B] She’s not going to graduate.
[C] She has a week to do the work. [D] She’ll visit her sister in a week.
7.What are the two speakers talking about?
[A] Strange clors. [B] Different tastes of tea.
[C] Fashion. [D] A painting.
8.Where is the conversation taking place?
[A] In a bank. [B] In the office.
[C] At Mr.Chang’s home. [D] On the telephone.
9.Why can’t the woman buy it?
[A] Because the man doesn’t like it.
[B] Because the woman doesn’t have time.
[C] Because the woman knows he doesn’t have money.
[D] Because they don’t have enough money.
10.What does the woman suggest the man do?
[A] Go to the libraiy to do the experiment.
[B] Write the library research part first.
[C] Test the computer as soon as possible.
[D] Go to another lab.

听力原文
Question 6:
W:Mary insists she’s coming to my graduation
M:But she has to work that week, doesn’t she?
Question 7:
M:What do you think of my new painting? I’ve just finished it.
W:Well, the colors are a little strange, don’t you think?
M:Ah, yes. That’s the point. It’s called Colors.
W:Oh, yes, I see. Well, it’s www.pets12345.com of tea-but then we all have different tastes, don’t we?
Question 8:
M:Is Mr. Zhang in?
W:No,he is out. Who is this speaking, please?
M:James Smith.
Question 9:
W:I’m going to buy a new carpet.
M:But you can’t do that.
W:Why can’t I?
M:We haven’t got enough money.
Question 10:
M:Oh no, I can’t use the computer to test my experiment; I’ll never get my paper finished in time.
W:Why don’t you begin with the library research part.
答案:1.A 2.D 3.D 4.D 5.B